Antibiotics

OVERVIEW: Antibiotics are used to change bacteria and control infections.  They are used to treat abscess and fistulas. They are also used to help control minor flares. The two most common antibiotics that are used are metronidazole (Flagyl) or ciprofloxacin (Cipro).  Antibiotics can be used at any point in the treatment pyramid along with other IBD medications.​

 

Metronidazole should not be taken with any alcohol as this can have a very serious effect on the liver.

 

WHEN DO WE USE IT: Mostly used in Crohn disease.  

 

HOW IT'S USED: It's a oral medication, usually taken twice a day.

 

DURATION OF TREATMENT: 4-8 weeks. 

 

TYPES OF ANTIBIOTICS: Metronidazole (Flagyl), Ciprofloxacin (Cipro)

 

SIDE EFFECTS: 

  • Nausea

  • Vomiting

  • Metallic taste in the mouth

  • Tingling sensation in hands and feet

  • Tendon rupture with Ciproflaxcin (very low risk)